CDEWorld - Continuing Dental Education - Continuing Dental Education for dental professionals. Choose from over 1,000 quizzes and courses for continuing education credits.

  • Oral Health and Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia in Elderly Patients: A Review of the Literature | CDEWorld - Continuing Dental Education - <strong>Purpose: </strong>The United States spends an average of $6.5 billion each year to treat patients who suffer from pneumonia. Pneumonia currently has the highest morbidity and mortality rates of all nosocomial infections, is hypothesized to account for 15% of all hospital-acquired illnesses, and is responsible for 13% to 48% of all nursing home-associated illnesses. For years, researchers have tried to develop methods to prevent pneumonia because of its detrimental effects on the body, but only in the last decade have they been able to uncover possible methods to do so. Inadequate oral hygiene care is one of the ways that elderly patients contract hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP). Proper oral disease prevention could possibly be considered the standard of care in long-term stay facilities to reduce and prevent elderly patients from contracting HAP. The purpose of this literature review is to explore the relationship between oral healthcare practices and HAP.<br /><strong>Keywords: </strong>periodontal disease, pneumonia, elderly patients, dental hygiene educators<br />This study supports the NDHRA priority area, Health Services Research: Determine the extent to which dental hygienists&rsquo; working in collaborative practice settings with other health professionals or organizations improves the cost-effectiveness and quality of healthcare outcomes.
  • Cultural Competency in Dental Hygiene Curricula | CDEWorld - Continuing Dental Education - <strong>Purpose: </strong>The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which US dental hygiene programs are incorporating cultural competency education (CCE) into the dental hygiene curriculum and to identify associated program characteristics.<br /><strong>Methods: </strong>A 19-item survey was electronically administered to all 334 US dental hygiene program directors. The questionnaire solicited information on teaching and evaluation methodologies relative to CCE, as well as directors&rsquo; perceptions and program demographic information.<br /><strong>Results: </strong>An overall response rate of 27% was obtained. The majority of participating programs (92%) reported incorporating CCE into the curriculum in some form. Most responding directors indicated that CCE has been effectively integrated into the curriculum. A variety of curricular methods are being employed to teach CCE with lectures being the most common method utilized. Results of this study suggest that an overwhelming number of responding programs (98%) participate in community outreach/service learning projects. However, nearly half (42%) indicated that their students are not evaluated for culture competency knowledge, skills, and attitudes.<br /><strong>Conclusion: </strong>These findings imply that responding programs are incorporating CCE into the curriculum using a variety of teaching methodologies with an emphasis on community outreach/service learning projects. It is important to consider whether or not community outreach/service learning projects improve dental hygiene students&rsquo; cultural competency skills, attitudes, and knowledge. Future research efforts should aim to describe the value and effectiveness of such programs at achieving cultural competence.<br /><strong>Keywords: </strong>cultural competence, diversity, dental hygiene, curriculum<br />This study supports the NDHRA priority area, Professional Education and Development: Evaluate the extent to which current dental hygiene curricula prepare dental hygienists to meet the increasingly complex oral health needs of the public.
  • Assessing Dental Hygienists’ Communication Techniques for Use with Low Oral Health Literacy Patients | CDEWorld - Continuing Dental Education - <strong>ABSTRACT</strong><br /><strong>Purpose:</strong> The primary aim of this study was to assess communication techniques used with low oral health literacy patients by dental hygienists in rural Wisconsin dental clinics. A secondary aim was to determine the utility of the survey instrument used in this study.<br /><strong>Methods:</strong> A mixed methods study consisting of a cross-sectional survey, immediately followed by focus groups, was conducted among dental hygienists in the Marshfield Clinic (Wisconsin) service area. The survey quantified the routine use of 18 communication techniques previously shown to be effective with low oral health literacy patients. Linear regression was used to analyze the association between routine use of each communication technique and several indicator variables, including geographic practice region, oral health literacy familiarity, communication skills training, and demographic indicators. Qualitative analyses included code mapping to the 18 communication techniques identified in the survey, and generating new codes based on discussion content.<br /><strong>Results:</strong> On average, the 38 study participants routinely used 6.3 communication techniques. Dental hygienists who used an oral health literacy assessment tool reported using significantly more communication techniques compared to those who did not use an oral health literacy assessment tool. Focus group results differed from survey responses as few dental hygienists stated familiarity with the term &ldquo;oral health literacy.&rdquo; Motivational interviewing techniques and using an integrated electronic medical-dental record were additional communication techniques identified as useful with low oral health literacy patients.<br /><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Dental hygienists in this study routinely used approximately one third of the communication techniques recommended for low oral health literacy patients supporting the need for training on this topic. Based on focus group results, the survey used in this study warrants modification and psychometric testing prior to further use.<br /><strong>Keywords:</strong> oral health literacy, communication techniques, dental hygienists<br />This study supports the NDHRA priority area, Health Promotion/Disease Prevention: Assess strategies for effective communication between the dental hygienist and client.
  • Oral Health on Wheels: A Service-Learning Project for Dental Hygiene Students | CDEWorld - Continuing Dental Education - <strong>Purpose: </strong>To provide dental hygiene students with a service-learning opportunity to work with special needs and culturally diverse underserved populations through the Oral Health on Wheels (OHOW) community-based mobile dental hygiene clinic.<br /><strong>Methods: </strong>A student feedback survey was administered between the years of 2009 and 2013 to 90 students in order to gather and identify significant satisfaction, skills acquisition, and personal growth information after the student&rsquo;s clinical experience on the OHOW. ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient statistical analysis were utilized to investigate relationships between student responses to key questions in the survey.<br /><strong>Results: </strong>An analysis of 85 student responses (94.44%) demonstrated statistically significant correlations between student learning and their understanding of underserved populations, building confidence in skills, participation as a dental team member, and understanding their role in total patient care. The strong correlations between these key questions related to the clinical experience and students&rsquo; confidence, skills integration into the dental team, and understanding of both total patient care and the increased understanding of the oral healthcare needs of special populations. All questions directly link to the core mission of the OHOW program.<br /><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The OHOW clinical experience allows dental hygiene students a unique opportunity to engage in their community while acquiring necessary clinical competencies required by national accreditation and providing access to oral healthcare services to underserved patients who would otherwise go without treatment.<br /><strong>Keywords: </strong>access to care, alternative practice, cultural competency, clinical education, dental hygiene, dental hygiene workforce models<br />This study supports the NDHRA priority area, Health Services Research: Investigate how alternative models of dental hygiene care delivery can reduce healthcare inequities.
  • Attitudes of Dental Hygienists Towards Independent Practice and Professional Autonomy | CDEWorld - Continuing Dental Education - <strong>Purpose: </strong>The purpose of this cross-sectional, quantitative research was to examine if registered dental hygienists feel competent to work independently based on regulations of dental supervision.<br /><strong>Methods: </strong>A stratified sample of 360 dental hygienists from eight states completed the Dempster Practice Behaviors Scale survey. ANOVA and MANOVA analyses revealed how state dentist supervision level, age, degree of education, employment status, gender, and years of clinical experience affect the perceived autonomy of professional dental hygienists.<br /><strong>Results: </strong>The response rate included 360 dental hygienists from eight states. According to the findings, age, education level, and gender affected the hygienist&rsquo;s level of autonomy. In all eight states, the registered dental hygienists have a high level of autonomy and feel competent to work independently.<br /><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The DPBS scores of the sample registered dental hygienists suggest that they feel prepared and competent to perform preventive dental hygiene services without dentist supervision. The attitudes of the dental hygienist sample from each of the four state dentist supervision levels support a move toward achieving professional jurisdiction of preventive dental care within the United States.<br /><strong>Keywords: </strong>dental hygiene, supervision level, access to dental care, autonomy, independent practice<br />This study supports the NDHRA priority area, Health Services Research: Evaluate strategies that position and gain recognition of dental hygienists as a primary care provider in the healthcare delivery system.
  • The Impact of Oral Health on Systemic Conditions | CDEWorld - Continuing Dental Education - The oral-systemic link has been well established through evidence-based research. The oral environment is both a likely source of pathogens responsible for some diseases, as well as acting as an early indicator for others as manifestations of other conditions first show up in the oral cavity. As first-line oral healthcare providers, dental hygienists should be versed in the common systemic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes, in order to help identify their patients who may be at risk for these conditions, but they should also be aware of some less common diseases that patients may present with that hygienists may need to take specific diagnostic steps and precautions when treating.<br />&nbsp;
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  • matt - Does anyone have ony old stock?

    Agreeing with other parents on here that the new design is inferior to the former. We ordered the 216 count in July and are just now using it. As compared to the other size 1 swaddlers we received from our registry (from earlier in 2015), these are more like a burlap sack. Every other poop leaks so we try to use these only when pee is expected, and the blue overnight pampers the rest of the time. Still, they do not seem to wick away as well as the older models, requiring a dry wipe and more air dry time. No diaper rash yet, probably because we change them more often then we used to. I had hoped for better quality from the most expensive diaper. I suppose we will use them all up, but you can bet we’ll try other brands before that time comes.

  • Isaac - A LED-lit 1440p IPS 25" monitor that's solid and less expensive than most

    Forewarning that I don't have that much experience or expertise with monitors besides the crammed research I did over the last week. But I had an Asus MX279H for a few days, which I hear is an amazing monitor with great picture quality from a reliable company, so at least I have a relative point of comparison.

  • Jeff D. - Super bright. They look awesome and were a direct ...

    Super bright. They look awesome and were a direct fit. No modifications needed to the hardware to fit my vehicle (2016 Jeep Wrangler Rubicon Hard Rock). Not sure if it was because I have the anniversary edition bumpers, but I have to buy harness adapters to go from the vehicle harness to these without modifying my factory harness.

  • Derwyn Key - Good for the price

    Only have been using them for a few days but I am happy with them. Be sure to read the instructions for then. There were preparing them for use and care instructions that you might not already be aware of.

  • J. D. Baker - very easy. An extra set of hands would have been ...

    I installed this for my mother about a month ago, replacing an older model from the same company. I found a youtube video and installed in about 2 hours (world series was on, or I would have been done in an hour...very easy. An extra set of hands would have been helpful but it can be done alone.